Flag of the Commonwealth of Australia
    Australia Flag
    Australian flag
    Adopted 3 September 1901 (original version)
    23 February 1908  (current version)
    Flag day 3 September
    Proportion 1:2
    Colors White (Hex #FFFFFF)
    Blue (Hex #00008B)
    Red (Hex #FF0000)
    Use National flag and state ensign
    Australian Flag
    The national flag of Australia is a blue field with the Union Jack in the upper hoist-side quadrant, and a large white seven-pointed star known as the Commonwealth Star or Federation Star in the lower hoist-side quadrant. The fly contains a representation of the Southern Cross constellation, made up of five white stars – one small five-pointed star and four, larger, seven-pointed stars.
    Australia Flag - symbolism
    Australia Flag symbolism - meaning
    Union Jack represents Australia’s historical links with the United Kingdom
    White 7-pointed Commonwealth Star stands for the unity of the six states and the territories of the Commonwealth of Australia.
    The Southern Cross, a constellation of five stars that can only be seen in the night skies of the Southern hemisphere, symbolizes Australia’s position in the southern hemisphere. The formal name of the Southern Cross is “Crux Australis” and the individual stars are named by the first five letters of the Greek alphabet in order of brightness – Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta & Epsilon.
    Australia Flag Stars
    Australian Flag Vs New Zealand Flag
    Difference between Australian Flag and New Zealand Flag
    The main difference between Australia Flag and New Zealand Flag is that the flag of Australia has six white stars while the flag of New Zealand has four 5-point red stars with white borders. Five of the six stars on Australian flag have seven points while the smallest star has five points. Australian flag depicts Southern Cross constellation with five white stars – one small five-pointed star and four, larger, seven-pointed stars while the flag of New Zealand shows Southern Cross with four 5-point red stars with white borders.
    Australian Flag Vs New Zealand Flag
    Australian Red Ensign
    Australia Civil Ensign
    Australian Red Ensign
    The Australian Red Ensign is identical to the Australian National Flag except that it had a red background instead of a blue one. From 1901 to 1954 the flag was used as a civil flag, to be flown by private citizens on land, while the government used the Blue Ensign. With the passage of the Flags Act 1953, the restriction on civilians flying the Blue Ensign was officially lifted. The Red Ensign remains the only flag permitted for use by merchant ships registered in Australia. Pleasure craft may use either the Red Ensign or the national flag, but not both at the same time. The Shipping Registration Act 1981 reaffirmed that the Australian Red Ensign was the proper "colours" for commercial ships over 24 metres (79 ft) in tonnage length. When the Australian Red Ensign is flown along with the Australian National Flag, the Australian National Flag should be flown in the position of honour.
    Australian Red Ensign
    Australian White Ensign
    Australian White Ensign
    The Australian White Ensign (also known as the Australian Naval Ensign or the Royal Australian Navy Ensign) is a naval ensign used by ships of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) since 1967. The Australian White Ensign is identical to the Australian National Flag except that it had a white background instead of a blue one and blue stars instead of white stars. From the formation of the RAN until 1967, Australian warships used the British White Ensign as their ensign. However, this led to situations where Australian vessels were mistaken for British ships, and when Australia became involved in the Vietnam War, the RAN was effectively fighting under the flag of another, uninvolved nation. Proposals were made in 1965 for a unique Australian ensign, which was approved in 1966, and entered use in 1967.
    Royal Australian Air Force Ensign
    Royal Australian Air Force Ensign
    Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) Ensign
    The Royal Australian Air Force Ensign is based on the Australian national flag, with the field changed to Air Force blue, and the southern cross tilted clockwise to make room for the RAAF roundel inserted in the lower fly quarter. The roundel is a red leaping kangaroo on white within a dark blue ring. The southern cross is tilted so that Gamma Crucis stays in the same position as for the Australian National Flag and that Alpha Crucis is moved along the x-axis towards the hoist by one-sixth of the width of the flag. This results in the axis being rotated 14.036° clockwise around Gamma Crucis and each star is rotated in this way, although the constellation as a whole is not simply rotated.
    Although the flag is meant for the exclusive use of Royal Australian Air Force, permission was granted to New Lambton Public School, NSW on 18 May 1995 to fly the RAAF ensign in recognition of the school's services to the RAAF during World War II (the school was used as No. 2 Fighter Sector Headquarters). New Lambton Public School is currently the only school in Australia with permission to fly the RAAF ensign.
    Australia Flag Information
    Royal Exhibition Building
    Australia flag history
    Prior to Federation on 1 January 1901, the official flag of the Australian Colonies was the flag of Great Britain, the 'Union Jack'. Competitions seeking designs for a national flag run by the the Review of Reviews for Australasia, a Melbourne-based publication, in 1900. In 1901 Prime Minister the Rt Hon Sir Edmund Barton MP, announced an international competition to design a flag for the Commonwealth of Australia.
    On 29 April 1901 a notice was placed in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette inviting entries in an official competition, offering a prize of £75 to the winning entry. Each competitor was required to submit two coloured sketches, a red ensign for the merchant service and public use, and a blue ensign for naval and official use. The two contests were merged after the Review of Reviews agreed to being integrated into the government initiative. The £75 prize money of each competition were combined and augmented by a further £50 donated by Havelock Tobacco Company. Five near-identical entries were awarded equal first place (£40 each) from the 32,823 entries received.

    Designer Designer's details
    Ivor Evans First Officer with Union Steamship Company of NZ
    Annie Dorrington Teenage optician’s apprentice from Leichhardt, NSW
    Leslie Hawkins 14 year old schoolboy from Melbourne
    Egbert Nuttal well-known artist from Perth
    William Stevens Architect with the Melbourne & Metropolitan Board of Works
    In 1903 King Edward VII approved two designs for the flag of Australia - the Commonwealth blue ensign, and the Commonwealth red ensign, for the merchant Navy. Federal Parliament passed a resolution on the 2 June 1904 to fly this flag 'upon all forts, vessels, saluting places and public buildings of the Commonwealth upon all occasions when flags are used'. The Australian Flag consists of three parts set on a blue field. The first part is the Union Jack, illustrating the link with Britain. The second aspect is the Southern Cross, representing Australia. Finally, the Commonwealth Star represents Australia's federal system. Originally, the Commonwealth Star had six points (for the six states), but, in 1908 a seventh point was added to represent the territories of the Commonwealth.
    The Australian National Flag was flown for the first time in September 1901 at the Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne. (Melbourne was then the seat of the federal government) While the design and uses of the flag were proclaimed in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette, it was not until the Flags Act 1953 that legislation was passed prescribing the form and use of the flag. Section 3 of the Act states that the flag (illustrated in the First Schedule to the Act) is 'declared to be the Australian National Flag'.
    Australian aboriginal flag
    Australia Flag
    Australian aboriginal flag history
    The Australian Aboriginal Flag was first raised on 12 July 1971 at Victoria Square in Adelaide. It was also used at the Aboriginal Tent Embassy in Canberra in 1972.
    The top half of the flag is black to symbolise Indigenous people. The red in the lower half stands for the earth and the colour of ochre, which has ceremonial significance. The circle of yellow in the centre of the flag represents the sun.
    Mr Harold Thomas from Northern Australia designed the flag and it was proclaimed on 14 July 1995.
    Australia National Anthem
    Australia Flag Image
    Australia Flag Image
    Australian Red Ensign Image
    Australia Civil Red Ensign
    Australian White Ensign Image
    Australian White Ensign
    Royal Australian Air Force Ensign Image
    Royal Australian Air Force Ensign
    Aboriginal flag of Australia
    Aboriginal Flag of Australia

    More Facts

    Queen's Personal Australian Flag
    Royal Standard of Australia
    The Queen's Personal Australian Flag is the personal flag of Queen Elizabeth II in her role as Queen of Australia. The flag was approved for use in 1962. It is only used by the Queen when she is in Australia, or attending an event abroad in her role as head of state of Australia. The Queen's representative, the Governor-General of Australia has a separate flag.
    The flag consists of a banner of the coat of arms of Australia, defaced with a gold seven-pointed federation star with a blue disc containing the letter E below a crown, surrounded by a garland of golden roses. Each of the six sections of the flag represents the heraldic badge of the Australian states, and the whole is surrounded by an ermine border representing the federation of the states:
    The Upper Left represents New South Wales and bears a red St George's Cross, upon which is a gold lion in the centre and a gold star on each arm.
    The Upper Middle represents Victoria and contains a Crown and five white stars on a blue field.
    The Upper Right represents Queensland and consists of a blue Maltese cross, bearing a Crown, on a white field.
    The Lower Left represents South Australia and includes a piping shrike on a gold field.
    The Lower Middle represents Western Australia and consists of a black swan on a gold field.
    The Lower Right represents Tasmania and contains a red lion on a white field.
    The gold seven-pointed star (the Commonwealth Star), represents the states and the territories. The blue disc is taken from the Queen's Personal Flag as used for duties within the Commonwealth of Nations. The flag is used in two ratios, 1:2 and 22:31. The 1:2 ratio ensures the flag maintains visual integrity with other naval flags, which are 1:2. A 22:31 ratio gives simple dimensions for the flag elements, with a border of 2 units thick, and central squares of dimensions 9×9.

    Royal Standard of Australia
    Flag of the Governor-General of Australia
    Flag of the Governor-General of Australia
    The flag of the Governor-General of Australia is an official flag of Australia and is flown continuously on buildings and other locations when the Governor-General of Australia is present.
    In 1953, the current flag was adopted for the exclusive official use of the Governor-General of Australia. The flag has a 1:2 ratio, it has a royal blue background and in the centre of the flag there is a Royal Crest (a crowned lion standing on a St Edward's Crown) and the words "COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA" in dark blue letters on a gold scroll below the Crest.
    The flag is flown continuously wherever the Governor-General is in residence and is also used as a car flag.

    Flag of the Governor General of Australia
    Australia flag Protocol
    Australia Flag display rules
    Australian National Flag is allowed to be flown on every day of the year, and that it "should be treated with respect and dignity it deserves as the nation's most important national symbol".
    The National Flag must always be flown in a position superior to that of any other flag or ensign when flown in Australia or on Australian territory, and it should always be flown aloft and free. The flag must be flown in all government buildings and displayed in polling stations when there is a national election or referendum. Private pleasure craft can fly either the Red Ensign or the Australian National Flag.
    The flag should only be flown during daylight hours, unless it is illuminated. Two flags should not be flown from the same flagpole.The flag should not be displayed upside down under any circumstances, not even to express a situation of distress. The flag is not to be placed or dropped on the ground, nor should it be used to cover an object in the lead-up to an unveiling ceremony, or to hide other material. Flags that have decayed or faded should not be displayed.
    Old or decayed flags should be disposed of in private "in a dignified way"; a method given as an example is to cut the flag into small pieces before being placed in the waste.
    On the day the accession of the new sovereign is proclaimed, it is customary to raise the flag to the top of the mast from 11 am.
    When the flag is flown at half-mast, it should be recognisably at half-mast, for example, a third of the way down from the top of the pole. The Australian Flag should never be flown half mast at night. Australian Flags are flown at half-mast on government buildings on the following occasions:
    On the death of the sovereign – from the time of announcement of the death up to and including the funeral.
    On the death of a member of the royal family.
    On the death of the governor-general or a former governor-general.
    On the death of a distinguished Australian citizen.
    On the death of the head of state of another country with which Australia has diplomatic relations—the flag would be flown on the day of the funeral.
    On ANZAC Day the flag is flown at half-mast until noon.
    On Remembrance Day flags are flown at peak until 10:30 am, at half-mast from 10:30 am to 11:03 am, then at peak for the remainder of the day.
    The Australian National Flag may be used for commercial or advertising purposes without formal permission as long as the flag is used in a dignified manner and reproduced completely and accurately; it should not be defaced by overprinting with words or illustrations, it should not be covered by other objects in displays, and all symbolic parts of the flag should be identifiable. It also must sit first (typically, left) where more than one flag is used.