Flag of Australia
Australia flag facts
|Adopted||3 September 1901|
|23 February 1908|
|Flag day||3 September|
The national flag of Australia is a blue field with the Union Jack in the upper hoist-side quadrant, and a large white seven-pointed star known as the Commonwealth Star or Federation Star in the lower hoist-side quadrant. The fly contains a representation of the Southern Cross constellation, made up of five white stars – one small five-pointed star and four, larger, seven-pointed stars.
Australia Flag - symbolism
Union Jack represents Australia’s historical links with the United Kingdom
White 7-pointed Commonwealth Star stands for the unity of the six states and the territories of the Commonwealth of Australia.
The Southern Cross, a constellation of five stars that can only be seen in the night skies of the Southern hemisphere, symbolizes Australia’s position in the southern hemisphere. The formal name of the Southern Cross is “Crux Australis” and the individual stars are named by the first five letters of the Greek alphabet in order of brightness – Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta & Epsilon.
Australia flag Vs New Zealand flag
|No. of stars||6|
|Color of stars||White|
New Zealand flag
|No. of stars||4|
|Color of stars||Red|
Australian Flag Vs New Zealand Flag
The main difference between Australia Flag and New Zealand Flag is that the flag of Australia has six white stars while the flag of New Zealand has four 5-point red stars with white borders. Five of the six stars on Australian flag have seven points while the smallest star has five points. Australian flag depicts Southern Cross constellation with five white stars – one small five-pointed star and four, larger, seven-pointed stars while the flag of New Zealand shows Southern Cross with four 5-point red stars with white borders.
Differences between Australian Flag and New Zealand Flag
Australia Flag history
Prior to Federation on 1 January 1901, the official flag of the Australian Colonies was the flag of Great Britain, the 'Union Jack'. Competitions seeking designs for a national flag run by the the Review of Reviews for Australasia, a Melbourne-based publication, in 1900. In 1901 Prime Minister the Rt Hon Sir Edmund Barton MP, announced an international competition to design a flag for the Commonwealth of Australia.
Australia flag history
Australia flag history
On 29 April 1901 a notice was placed in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette inviting entries in an official competition, offering a prize of £75 to the winning entry. Each competitor was required to submit two coloured sketches, a red ensign for the merchant service and public use, and a blue ensign for naval and official use. The two contests were merged after the Review of Reviews agreed to being integrated into the government initiative. The £75 prize money of each competition were combined and augmented by a further £50 donated by Havelock Tobacco Company. Five near-identical entries were awarded equal first place (£40 each) from the 32,823 entries received.
|Ivor Evans||First Officer with Union Steamship Company of NZ|
|Annie Dorrington||Teenage optician’s apprentice from Leichhardt, NSW|
|Leslie Hawkins||14 year old schoolboy from Melbourne|
|Egbert Nuttal||well-known artist from Perth|
|William Stevens||Architect with the Melbourne & Metropolitan Board of Works|
The Australian National Flag was flown for the first time in September 1901 at the Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne. (Melbourne was then the seat of the federal government) While the design and uses of the flag were proclaimed in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette, it was not until the Flags Act 1953 that legislation was passed prescribing the form and use of the flag. Section 3 of the Act states that the flag (illustrated in the First Schedule to the Act) is 'declared to be the Australian National Flag'.